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German grammar Teacher
German is a highly inflected language, meaning that the endings of words change to reflect their grammatical function in a sentence. There are four grammatical cases in German: nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive. The nominative case is used for the subject of a sentence, while the accusative case is used for the direct object. The dative case is used for the indirect object or the object of certain prepositions, and the genitive case is used to show possession. In addition to cases, German also has three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. The gender of a noun often determines the articles, adjectives, and pronouns used to refer to it. For example, the definite article for a masculine noun is "der", while the definite article for a feminine noun is "die" and for a neuter noun is "das". Verbs in German are also highly inflected, changing their form to match the subject and the tense. There are six tenses in German: present, past, perfect, pluperfect, future, and future perfect. Additionally, German has several modal verbs, which are used to express necessity, ability, or possibility.